It was usually a bigger show then I imagined but whenever I was brewing a pour over coffee in the shop. Coffee clients would really like to see the brewing process in action. However, If you thought that only your local coffee shop could brew coffee this way, then I am here to show you how easily its done.
Making pour over coffee has some important requirements. You need to have fresh roasted coffee, good water heated to the right temperature, a quality grinder, and a gooseneck kettle.
Using a pour over coffee brewer is not too challenging, but it can seem a little intimidating the first time. With a couple of tips and helpful suggestions, you’ll have the confidence you will need to make a great cup of coffee..
What is Pour Over Coffee?
Pour over coffee is a manual way of brewing coffee that gives you complete control over the coffee making process. From the amount of coffee and grind size to the water temperature for how long you brew the coffee.
Essentials for Pour Over Coffee
If you want to do it right you are going to need to invest in this equipment. If you skip one or the other, your coffee is just not going the way it could or should.
- Fresh Roasted Whole Bean Coffee – Preferably from a local roaster
- Gooseneck Kettle – This will give you the control you will want when pouring the water over the coffee
- Burr Coffee Grinder – Probably the most important item on the list. Make sure your a good quality one.
- Scale – Should have the option of using grams
- Timer – Your watch or phone will do but a digital kitchen one is ideal
- Purified Water – Unless you live in a place that has good quality
- Pour Over Brewer – Whichever is your preferred choice.
How To Make Pour Over Coffee
Once you have everything set up, lets start making some coffee!. The brewing process will last about 3 to 3:30 minutes, so grab your timer and start it just before you begin to pour the water over the coffee grounds.
In this brewing example I will be using 25g of Coffee and 400g of water but you can use more or less depending on how many people you are making coffee for.
Heat 400g Water between 195 – 205 F.
Measure out 25g of coffee and use the grind size according to the brewing method you are using
Place the pour over brewer and filter over the vessel are you brewing into. Rinse the filter and discard the water.
Pour water that is about 10% of the amount of coffee that in your brewer and wait 30 seconds. If you have fresh roasted coffee you will see what is referred to as the Bloom which is basically the slight rise and fall of the coffee.
After 30 seconds pour in 30% more water. Pour in concentric circles, into the coffee itself (not the sides of the filter paper!).
At 45 seconds pour in 20% more coffee, still using concentric circles
After 60 seconds, pour in 20% more water.
At 90 seconds, add the remaining 20% of water. All your water should be in by 90 seconds. Now, let it drip until finished. Your brew should be done in about three minutes.
Tips For Better Pour Over Brewing
The Right Amount of Coffee
The correct coffee to water ratio is the first step to brewing a great cup of coffee. I like to use a 16 to 1 (Water to Coffee) as I found that this is a great balance. However there are those who would say that they prefer a 15 to 1 or 16 to 1. There is no right answer here. You just have to experiment with each to see the one you like
Correct Water Temperature
The best water temperature for Pour Over coffee is between 195 – 205 degrees F. Ideally you will have Kettle that has a temperature gauge on that you can set However, if you don’t, then bring the water to a boil and then wait 30 seconds
Rinse The Paper Filter
You need to rinse your paper filter with the hot water in order to remove any possibilities of getting that paper taste in your coffee. It also serves a second purpose and that is to warm up the pour over brewer and the vessel that the coffee it is going into.Discard the water and put you coffee in.
Use the Proper Grind Size
Take the coffee you have measured out and grind it with the burr grinder. The reason you want or should I say need to use a burr grinder is because you will get a much more even grind of the coffee beans. This will prevent parts of the coffee beans from being over or under extracted during the brewing process.
TIP: If it’s taking longer to brew than next time coarsen the grind. If it’s a shorter time, use a finer grind size.
Cleaning any one these pout over brewers is simple and essential. So simple in fact that some people forget to do it properly. To clean the brewer, all you need to do is throw away the paper filter and grinds. Better yet, use the grinds in your garden. Then with ingredients as simple as soap and water, rinse out the brewer and dry it out. If after cleaning, you smell any odors just repeat the process.
Types of Pour Over Brewers
There are a lot of pour over brewing methods out there and their seems to be a new one coming out all the time. they all very slightly from the type of filter they use to the amount of coffee they can make at one time.
For those just starting out, I would recommend either the Bee House dripper or the Kalita wave. Both are little more foregiving and if you make a slight mistake during the brewing process it probably will not be noticed.On the opposite end, I would not begin with a Hario V60 until you get a some practice time in. The most common pour over brewera are;
There are links to these brewers with more specific information on how to use them.
As you can hopefully see by now that making great tasting coffee using a pour over is not that hard. You can save a lot of money by making this coffee at home and also have the satisfaction of knowing that you made the coffee the way you like it