Anyone who has enjoyed French press coffee will tell you that it is smooth, indulgent and rich. If paired with some crepe Suzette or a fluffy croissant, the coffee will make you feel like you are already in paradise.
So, how do use a French Press?
- Weigh out the coffee
- Grind the Coffee Coarse
- Put the Coffee in the French Press
- Add Water heated between 195 – 205
- Put the top on the French Press
- Wait 4 minutes
- Push the Plunger slowly to the Bottom
- Pour into your favorite Mug
Today, you are unlikely to find any other method that will work better than the French press. That alone has made it a favorite of most coffee enthusiasts and households. So lets talk about making coffee with a French Press in detail.
Brief History of a French Press
If it is the first time you are hearing of a French Press, also known as cafetiere in England, you might think that it is a very new art of coffee making. The origin of this method is unclear, but it has existed for over 100 years in various iterations.
Attilo Calimani patented the modern design in the year 1929. Surprisingly, Attilo was not a Frenchman – he was Italian. The current design is simple and consists of a carafe, also known as a breaker and a plunger assembly. The market offers French Presses made of glass but some producers supply those made of stainless steel, stoneware or plastic.
Choosing A French Press
The borosilicate glass material contains boron trioxide and silica, which means that it is more resistant to thermal shock. The glass will not explode after you have poured your hot water into the French press.
Manufacturers use the same material to make the glass bakeware. Unfortunately, if the French press drops on the tile floor, the glass composition will not help you.
Stoneware or Ceramic
This type of French press is beautiful but can be more pricey than the others unless you can find a deal one. The manufacturers mostly supply them in a rainbow of colors, but they also coat them internally to prevent odors and stains.
The material is dishwasher safe. Moreover, it is sturdier and resistant to high temperatures. Unfortunately, it will break if it drops on a hard floor so be careful with it! You could look at one like the Le Creuset on Amazon
If you need a French press that will not break easily, you will have to go for the stainless steel one.
Generally, the carafe is vacuum-sealed and doubled – more like the heavy-duty travel mugs – so that they can keep your coffee hot for very many hours. The manufacturers supply them in polished or brushed polishes to satisfy the needs of their customers.
If you need a brushed finish style, expect to find many colors. But if you need a polished one, you should expect a mirror finish, which resembles the fine silver.
The durability highly varies from one model to the other, but you should keep in mind that stainless steel will never break if it dropped on a hard floor. Take a look at the one from Secura on Amazon
The French presses from the reputable brands feature plastic carafes made of styrene-acrylonitrile (SAN) and are free of bisphenol-A (BPA). The SAN material is durable and it will withstand high temperature without leaching chemicals or warping.
BPA comes with many negative effects and can easily find its way into your coffee each time you expose the plastic to heat – such as when boiling water.
And because you will be using hot water to brew coffee, you will have to make sure that the material is BPA-free. Bodum makes a great French Press with this BPA free material.
Making Coffee With A French Press
What is so great about using a French Press is that its so easy to make a great coffee that its almost to good to believe. So how you do it? Let me give you my general recipe on what you should do.
First, lets start with the what you need:
How to Use a French Press: Step by Step
- As with any brewing method start with fresh whole bean coffee from a Local roaster or if your in for the long haul, from a subscription coffee service like bean box.
- Now use a ratio of 15 to 1 (water to coffee) to measure how much coffee you want. I usually use 20 grams of coffee and 350 grams of water.
- Once you have that measured out, grab your grinder and put it on a coarse setting. Now put your coffee in and grind away.
- At this point you may want to start heating up your water in your kettle and allow the temperature reach between 195 to 205 F or if you don’t have a temperature gauge, let the kettle sit for 30 seconds after it begins to boil.
- Pull out your scale and put your French Press on it and tare the scale so that it says zero. Once this is done pour in your ground coffee and verify that is says 20g (in this example) … Once that’s done, tare it again so its at zero.
- While your waiting for the water to reach the proper temperature, get your timer out and turn it on.
- Once your water is at the right temperature pour start your timer and pour in 60 grams of water. If your coffee is fresh you will see what they call “the bloom”. Let it sit for 30 seconds and then pour in the remaining water until you get to 300 grams of water.
- Put the plunger on your French press Carafe but DO NOT plunge at let the coffee brew until you get to 4 minutes.
- At 4 minutes press the French press plunger gently. Stick to the weight of your hand when pressing to get best results.
- Once you do this don’t let it sit in the carafe as it will continue to brew, besides you want to drink now anyway don’t you? So pour it in your favorite coffee mug and enjoy!
How to Clean the French Press
A dirty coffee maker will always produce less then optimal coffee – regardless of the type. Most of the French presses in the market are easy to disassemble and clean.
Steps to cleaning a French Press
Start by removing the plunger Now, fill the carafe with warm water halfway and swish the water to loosen the coffee grounds that might be stuck.
Hold the mesh straighter over your kitchen sink. Pour the French press’ contents into it. Dump the strainer containing the coffee grounds into the garbage or better yet put them in your compost. (Here are some other ideas for your used coffee grounds)
Next, add some warm water and some dish soap and put your plunger back on. Pump severally to remove the coffee stains and oil Use your bottle brush with some baking soda to scrub the stubborn residues away. Rinse properly and use a dry soft cloth to dry.
If you do not have the time to do all that, you can use the dishwasher, if the French press is dishwasher safe but what fun is their in that?
Tips and Advice On Using a French Press
In addition to allowing your coffee to bloom for the first 30 seconds of brewing, you should do some other things to keep the French press coffee consistently tasting its best. Here are a few things to do.
- Use warm water to rinse the French press carafe before you start the coffee brewing process.
- Do not leave the brewed coffee in the French press carafe after brewing. If you don’t use it all, then you can put it into a decanter to prevent it from continuing to brew and a bitter taste.
- Use coarse grinds from a burr grinder so that you can get optimal flavor without the need of adding grit in the cup.
- Stick to a single tablespoon of ground coffee when preparing a single serving to get the best taste. I like to use a 15 to 1 ratio (water to coffee) because if you use too a little or too much, the coffee will not taste as good as it could (or should)
- Keep the French press clean to prevent the sticking of old grounds to the bottom of the carafe when preparing the next brew.
Making coffee with a French Press is easy, fun and can produce an incredible cup of coffee. Its great way to make coffee whether you are making just one cup or for a group of people as you only have to do it once either way.
If you combine the French Press with Fresh Roasted Coffee, proper grind, water temperature and right amount of coffee you will consistently have great tasting coffee for years to come.